systèmes alimentaires

Villes et alimentation en période de pandémie : expériences françaises
La crise sanitaire a durement touché le monde entier, notamment la France, et a conduit à adapter les modes de consommation, de production et d’approvisionnement pour faire face à cette situation inédite. Fermeture des marchés, des commerces, des restaurants et des cantines, pénurie de main d’œuvre dans la production agricole… Les acteurs du secteur ont dû s’adapter à un contexte évolutif pour garantir la sécurité alimentaire du pays.
 
Malgré toutes ces difficultés, le système alimentaire français a tenu. 
Comment garantir la sécurité et la qualité de l’approvisionnement alimentaire...
 
Management of the food sector has been a crucial issue during Covid-19 crisis. A basic need for everybody, obtaining food is an essential activity that can-not be interrupted or endangered. But how can the safety and quality of the food supply be guaranteed for everyone during a health crisis? What mechanisms have been put in place in French cities in response to this unprecedented emergency? What lessons can be learned from the pandemic? Should we expect more long-term changes in the way that we produce, consume and recycle? To what extent can local French initiatives be useful in terms of a transition of the food system on a more global scale?
 
France Urbaine, in partnership with the RESOLIS and Terres en Villes associations, presents an analysis in this publication of the multiple roles played by cities during these first weeks of lockdown.
Lutter contre la précarité alimentaire : un objectif partagé entre acteurs publics et privés
Fort du soutien du Ministère de l’Europe et des affaires étrangères, France urbaine, en partenariat avec RESOLIS, a décidé de réaliser une étude intitulée « Les villes face aux défis de la précarité alimentaire ». Celle-ci rassemble 21 contributions de métropoles, grandes villes et agglomérations, qui permettent d’identifier, à travers des initiatives concrètes, de quelle manière elles agissent contre la précarité alimentaire.
 
La fiche « lutter contre la précarité alimentaire : un objectif partagé entre acteurs publics et privés » présente la politique sociale en...
With the support of the Ministry of Europe and Foreign Affairs, France Urbaine, in partnership with RESOLIS, decided to carry out a study entitled "Cities facing the challenges of food insecurity". This document gathers 21 contributions from metropolises, large cities and agglomerations, which make it possible to identify, through concrete initiatives, how they act against food insecurity.
 
The factsheet “The fight against food insecurity is an objective shared between the public and private sectors ” presents the social policy linked to the food strategy of the Nice Côte d´Azur Metropolis.
 
Social policy in the municipal region is implemented in particular through the Direction Générale Adjointe des Solidarités (“Deputy General Directorate for Solidarity"), which brings together the Nice Centre Communal d’Action Sociale (Municipal Social Action Centre) and other missions that provide services for the most vulnerable, and also mobilises other departments through transversal actions. The Municipal Social Action Centre (CCAS), the spearhead for this policy, has close links with the field and is in constant contact with community associations in order to undertake appropriate concrete responses to the needs of the fight against various forms of exclusion.
 
In Nice, the distribution of meals to vulnerable persons is carried out by 14 aid and relief associations, organized in a network (Inter Secours Nice Alimentation) and in association with the Alpes-Maritimes Food Bank. At the beginning of 2019, actions were revised with improvements and better support. Moreover, a food distribution charter including the City of Nice, the Municipal Social Action Centre and the associations involved in the Inter Secours Nice network was signed.
 Restauration collective : Orléans mise sur le local
Fort du soutien du Ministère de l’Europe et des affaires étrangères, France urbaine, en partenariat avec RESOLIS, a décidé de réaliser une étude intitulée « Les villes face aux défis de la précarité alimentaire ». Celle-ci rassemble 21 contributions de métropoles, grandes villes et agglomérations, qui permettent d’identifier, à travers des initiatives concrètes, de quelle manière elles agissent contre la précarité alimentaire.
 
La fiche « Restauration collective : Orléans mise sur le local » présente la stratégie de la Métropole d’Orléans pour une agriculture urbaine durable...
With the support of the Ministry of Europe and Foreign Affairs, France Urbaine, in partnership with RESOLIS, decided to carry out a study entitled "Cities facing the challenges of food insecurity". This document gathers 21 contributions from metropolises, large cities and agglomerations, which make it possible to identify, through concrete initiatives, how they act against food insecurity.
 
The factsheet “Collective catering: Orleans goes local” presents the strategy of Orleans Metropolis for a sustainable urban agriculture.
Located in the Loiret département in the Centre-Val-de-Loire region, Orléans Metropolis is made up of 22 municipalities. The river Loire, a UNESCO world heritage site, flows through Orléans and several municipalities in the metropolis, helping to forge the territory’s identity and structure its landscapes and agriculture.
 
In order to maintain, develop and ensure the long-term future of the territory’s farming industry, Orléans Metropolis, in partnership with the Loiret Chamber of Agriculture, drew up an Agricultural Charter, reflecting, with a series of objectives, the joint ambition of constructing a sustainable strategy for urban agriculture.
 
In order to improve the structure and diversification of local agricultural supply channels while at the same time securing outlets for producers, Orléans has relied on collective catering contracts. These enable partnership initiatives between farmers and the appointed management for collective catering operations to be encouraged, with the assistance of the Chamber of Agriculture.
 
This contract should, in the long term, help to encourage the supply of environmentally-friendly products and services, and development in phase with humanist sustainable development values, thereby assisting the emergence of cleaner, more sustainable production processes, in particular through the structuring and development of local agricultural supply channels.
Une alimentation locale et durable, avec tous et pour tous
Fort du soutien du Ministère de l’Europe et des affaires étrangères, France urbaine, en partenariat avec RESOLIS, a décidé de réaliser une étude intitulée « Les villes face aux défis de la précarité alimentaire ». Celle-ci rassemble 21 contributions de métropoles, grandes villes et agglomérations, qui permettent d’identifier, à travers des initiatives concrètes, de quelle manière elles agissent contre la précarité alimentaire.
 
La fiche « une alimentation locale et durable, avec tous et pour tous » présente le projet alimentaire territorial de Nantes Métropole pour...
With the support of the Ministry of Europe and Foreign Affairs, France Urbaine, in partnership with RESOLIS, decided to carry out a study entitled "Cities facing the challenges of food insecurity". This document gathers 21 contributions from metropolises, large cities and agglomerations, which make it possible to identify, through concrete initiatives, how they act against food insecurity.
 
The factsheet “a local, sustainable food supply, and most importantly with everyone and for everyone” presents the PAT (Plan Alimentaire Territorial aka “local food project”) of Nantes Metropolis for an inclusive and sustainable food.
 
Nantes Metropolis has been committed to a regional food project “for a local, sustainable food supply, accessible to all” since 2015. While the concept of sustainability applied to food naturally integrates a social component, the organizations mobilized in the project prioritized the development of an inclusive project, "for everyone and with everyone", with a strong social and cultural dimension. In other words, combining pleasure with health, gastronomy with accessibility, and festive occasions with responsibility.
 
As a result, the Nantes Metropolis PAT (Regional Food Project) is focused on its inhabitants, and after 6 months of collective production with all the organizations involved in the food system, 71 quantified objectives and policy goals were determined2 for 2020/30.
 
They concern the production system and the improvement of practices, the supply and low-carbon logistics, the fight against food waste, innovation and experimentation, education and the raising of awareness, living together harmoniously and outreach, and of course, accessibility and health. The efficiency, resilience and sustainability of the food system are at the heart of the project, without ever forgetting the stakeholders, who all play a role as “proactive responsible consumers”.
La production locale comme levier pour lutter contre la précarité alimentaire
Fort du soutien du Ministère de l’Europe et des affaires étrangères, France urbaine, en partenariat avec RESOLIS, a décidé de réaliser une étude intitulée « Les villes face aux défis de la précarité alimentaire ».Celle-ci rassemble 21 contributions de métropoles, grandes villes et agglomérations, qui permettent d’identifier, à travers des initiatives concrètes, de quelle manière elles agissent contre la précarité alimentaire.*
 
La fiche « la production locale comme levier pour lutter contre la précarité alimentaire » revient sur l’expérience du Plan Alimentaire...
 
With the support of the Ministry of Europe and Foreign Affairs, France urbaine, in partnership with RESOLIS, decided to carry out a study entitled "Cities facing the challenges of food insecurity". This document gathers 21 contributions from metropolises, large cities and agglomerations, which make it possible to identify, through concrete initiatives, how they act against food insecurity.
 
The factsheet "local production as a lever to fight food insecurity" enhances the experience of the PAT (Plan Alimentaire Territorial aka “local food project”) of the metropolis Aix-Marseille Provence.
The Aix-Marseille-Provence Metropolis is unique. The largest metropolitan area in France, twice the size of that of London, it incorporates agricultural, urban and industrial spaces within the same territory. An attractive region and a magnet for tourists, it is a leading export gateway thanks to its port, which is the largest in France. A young Metropolis, it is conscious of the need to protect its natural areas from fast-growing urbanisation.
Its natural and renewable resources (sun, sea, wind, arable land, water, terroir) represent major assets and the engineer-ing sector is present to optimize their use.
 

With the core strategic aim of promoting sustainable food production, the Metropolis signed a PAT (Projet Alimentaire Territorial - or local food project, a French initiative to reinforce local agriculture) The PAT identifies good practices implemented across the region with the primary goal of facilitating their dissemination

10 recommandations pour lutter contre la précarité alimentaire
Fort du soutien du Ministère de l’Europe et des affaires étrangères, France Urbaine, en partenariat avec RESOLIS, a décidé de réaliser une étude intitulée « Les villes face aux défis de la précarité alimentaire ».
 
Celle-ci rassemble 21 contributions de métropoles, grandes villes et agglomérations, qui permettent d’identifier, à travers des initiatives concrètes, de quelle manière elles agissent contre la précarité alimentaire.
 
S’appuyant sur l’analyse de cet échantillon de 21 grandes villes françaises, France Urbaine et Resolis ont identifié en...
With the support of the Ministry of Europe and Foreign Affairs, France Urbaine, in partnership with RESOLIS, decided to carry out a study entitled "Cities facing the challenges of food insecurity". This document gathers 21 contributions from metropolises, large cities and agglomerations, which make it possible to identify, through concrete initiatives, how they act against food insecurity.
 
Based on the analysis of this sample of 21 major French cities, France Urbaine and Resolis identified -  in the preamble of this study - 10 levers of action, which are all avenues for improvement for cities wishing to initiate or accelerate their steps towards the transition of food systems.
Pour une restauration scolaire responsable et solidaire
Fort du soutien du Ministère de l’Europe et des affaires étrangères, France urbaine, en partenariat avec RESOLIS, a décidé de réaliser une étude intitulée « Les villes face aux défis de la précarité alimentaire ». Celle-ci rassemble 21 contributions de métropoles, grandes villes et agglomérations, qui permettent d’identifier, à travers des initiatives concrètes, de quelle manière elles agissent contre la précarité alimentaire.
 
La fiche « Pour une restauration scolaire responsable et solidaire » présente les actions mises en œuvre par la communauté...
With the support of the Ministry of Europe and Foreign Affairs, France urbaine, in partnership with RESOLIS, decided to carry out a study entitled "Cities facing the challenges of food insecurity". This document gathers 21 contributions from metropolises, large cities and agglomerations, which make it possible to identify, through concrete initiatives, how they act against food insecurity.
 
The factsheet “For a responsible, solidarity approach to school meals ”outlines the actions implemented by the urban council of Amiens Metropolis, in response to the priorities set out in the National Food Policy.
At the heart of a rich agricultural region, Amiens has expanded on both sides of the wide Somme valley and around the confluences with the Avre and the Selle rivers It presents an attractive living environment characterized by an abundance of green spaces and gardens. Presenting itself as a city that cares about the environment, Amiens has made the link between the city and nature one of the levers of its territorial development project.
 
In the context of priority actions for the 2014/2019 period, several objectives were set:
  • Encourage short supply chains participating in the development of the local organic and conventional agriculture sector and, through this measure, the relaunching of food markets to support local producers.
  •  Integrate specific criteria such as the time between picking and reception of the product.
  •  Offer educational tours of food production sites in such a way as to maintain a local supply offer for public contracts.
  •  Give preference to food that is a produced by organic agriculture or which carries other quality certification (Red Label for example).
  •  Combat food waste.
 
 Ici, mieux manger rime avec solidarité, coopération et proximité
Fort du soutien du Ministère de l’Europe et des affaires étrangères, France urbaine, en partenariat avec RESOLIS, a décidé de réaliser une étude intitulée « Les villes face aux défis de la précarité alimentaire ». Celle-ci rassemble 21 contributions de métropoles, grandes villes et agglomérations, qui permettent d’identifier, à travers des initiatives concrètes, de quelle manière elles agissent contre la précarité alimentaire.
 
La fiche « Ici, mieux manger rime avec solidarité, coopération et proximité » présente les actions portées par Brest métropole pour...
With the support of the Ministry of Europe and Foreign Affairs, France urbaine, in partnership with RESOLIS, decided to carry out a study entitled "Cities facing the challenges of food insecurity". This document gathers 21 contributions from metropolises, large cities and agglomerations, which make it possible to identify, through concrete initiatives, how they act against food insecurity.
 
The factsheet “Here healthier diets go hand in hand with solidarity, cooperation and local initiatives” highlights the actions carried out by Brest Metropolis to organize food aid on its territory.
Brest Metropolis and regional organizations carry out numerous actions with a view to ensuring a healthy, sustainable diet. The Projet Alimentaire Métroplitain (Metropolitan Food Project), currently under development, should enable these actions to be more effective and visible. An equitable food supply is an important social objective.
 
In Brest, elected representatives have been working on the issue of coordinating food aid for more than 10 years, with a view to:
  • Ensuring the continuity of food aid to meet people’s needs at all times and seasons
  •  Encouraging better knowledge and a forum for dialogue between associations for more complementarity
  • Strengthening links with social services for public orientation.
Favoriser les filières agricoles locales pour une alimentation saine et accessible
Fort du soutien du Ministère de l’Europe et des affaires étrangères, France urbaine, en partenariat avec RESOLIS, a décidé de réaliser une étude intitulée « Les villes face aux défis de la précarité alimentaire ». Celle-ci rassemble 21 contributions de métropoles, grandes villes et agglomérations, qui permettent d’identifier, à travers des initiatives concrètes, de quelle manière elles agissent contre la précarité alimentaire.
 
La fiche « Favoriser les filières agricoles locales pour une alimentation saine et accessible »  présente le projet alimentaire territorial...
With the support of the Ministry of Europe and Foreign Affairs, France urbaine, in partnership with RESOLIS, decided to carry out a study entitled "Cities facing the challenges of food insecurity". This document gathers 21 contributions from metropolises, large cities and agglomerations, which make it possible to identify, through concrete initiatives, how they act against food insecurity.
 
The factsheet “Encouraging local agricultural sectors for a healthy, accessible food supply” outlines The Projet Alimentaire Métroplitain (Metropolitan Food Project) of Caen Normandy metropolitan hub.
The Caen territory lies between land and sea, at the intersection of an agglomeration with a high level of services and land that is almost exclusively devoted to farming. The grain plateau coexists with cattle and horse farms while traditional market gardening activities tend to occupy the area behind the coastline. The historical and natural heritage takes the form of a network of towns and villages structured around the Orne river. Today, these geographical features allow a diversifica-tion of agricultural sectors with the close involvement of farmers, public authorities and associations in food issues.
 
The Caen Normandy Metropolis Projet alimentaire territorial (PAT) (“territorial food project”, a French initiative to reinforce local agriculture) has highlighted the territory’s response to the population’s requirements in terms of good quality locally produced food. Local authorities are now involved in the structuring of new economic sectors, that are very promising in terms of local jobs and immediate benefits for inhabitants.