solidarité

Villes et alimentation en période de pandémie : expériences françaises
La crise sanitaire a durement touché le monde entier, notamment la France, et a conduit à adapter les modes de consommation, de production et d’approvisionnement pour faire face à cette situation inédite. Fermeture des marchés, des commerces, des restaurants et des cantines, pénurie de main d’œuvre dans la production agricole… Les acteurs du secteur ont dû s’adapter à un contexte évolutif pour garantir la sécurité alimentaire du pays.
 
Malgré toutes ces difficultés, le système alimentaire français a tenu. 
Comment garantir la sécurité et la qualité de l’approvisionnement alimentaire...
 
Management of the food sector has been a crucial issue during Covid-19 crisis. A basic need for everybody, obtaining food is an essential activity that can-not be interrupted or endangered. But how can the safety and quality of the food supply be guaranteed for everyone during a health crisis? What mechanisms have been put in place in French cities in response to this unprecedented emergency? What lessons can be learned from the pandemic? Should we expect more long-term changes in the way that we produce, consume and recycle? To what extent can local French initiatives be useful in terms of a transition of the food system on a more global scale?
 
France Urbaine, in partnership with the RESOLIS and Terres en Villes associations, presents an analysis in this publication of the multiple roles played by cities during these first weeks of lockdown.
La valorisation des circuits courts agricoles au profit d’une alimentation solidaire
Fort du soutien du Ministère de l’Europe et des affaires étrangères, France urbaine, en partenariat avec RESOLIS, a décidé de réaliser une étude intitulée « Les villes face aux défis de la précarité alimentaire ». Celle-ci rassemble 21 contributions de métropoles, grandes villes et agglomérations, qui permettent d’identifier, à travers des initiatives concrètes, de quelle manière elles agissent contre la précarité alimentaire.
 
La fiche « La valorisation des circuits courts agricoles au profit d’une alimentation solidaire » présente la stratégie alimentaire de Saint...
With the support of the Ministry of Europe and Foreign Affairs, France Urbaine, in partnership with RESOLIS, decided to carry out a study entitled "Cities facing the challenges of food insecurity". This document gathers 21 contributions from metropolises, large cities and agglomerations, which make it possible to identify, through concrete initiatives, how they act against food insecurity.
 
The factsheet “The promotion of short agricultural supply chains for better food solidarity” presents the food strategy of Saint-Etienne Metropolis.
 
Agriculture is an important feature of the Saint-Etienne Metropolis, occupying 38% of the territory’s area (75% including forest) and providing a living for more than 1,000 farms, of which 600 are larger than 10 hectares. 38% of farms in the Metropolis sell their produce in short supply chains (19% within the Loire département). This agricultural production offers a wide range of local farm produce. Processing of farm products is relatively substantial and varied (cheese, yogurt, meat, charcuterie (cooked pork products), fruit, vegetables, honey, etc.); dairy processing is the most widespread.
 
The Saint-Etienne Metropolis conducts an agricultural policy characterized by the development of local supply chains and environmentally friendly farming, and the preservation of agricultural land. It has implemented several food solidarity initiatives, including:
 
•    ensuring that farmers in the territory are able to earn a fair income
•    promoting healthy, sustainable eating habits by raising children's awareness and using good quality local products in the preparation of school meals.
 
This work is supplemented by the approach proposed in the PEEDD (plan d’éducation à l’écocitoyenneté et au développement durable, or the Eco-citizen and Sustainable Development Educational Plan) which aims to raise children’s awareness of these two cross-cutting themes. In this framework, intervention modules are offered to primary schools on the subjects of "Eat Locally!" and the fight against food waste.
Démocratie alimentaire : l’alimentation durable, un élément de citoyenneté
Fort du soutien du Ministère de l’Europe et des affaires étrangères, France urbaine, en partenariat avec RESOLIS, a décidé de réaliser une étude intitulée « Les villes face aux défis de la précarité alimentaire ». Celle-ci rassemble 21 contributions de métropoles, grandes villes et agglomérations, qui permettent d’identifier, à travers des initiatives concrètes, de quelle manière elles agissent contre la précarité alimentaire.
 
La fiche « Démocratie alimentaire : l’alimentation durable, un élément de citoyenneté» présente la stratégie alimentaire de l’Eurométropole...
With the support of the Ministry of Europe and Foreign Affairs, France Urbaine, in partnership with RESOLIS, decided to carry out a study entitled "Cities facing the challenges of food insecurity". This document gathers 21 contributions from metropolises, large cities and agglomerations, which make it possible to identify, through concrete initiatives, how they act against food insecurity.
 
The factsheet “Food democracy: a sustainable food supply is an element of citizenship” presents the food strategy of Strasbourg Eurometropolis.
 
In 2008, an awareness of climate issues oriented the territorial project towards the creation of a sustainable metropolis, in which agriculture as an economic activity contributes to the development of the natural heritage and meets the territory’s food requirements.
 
Support for various forms of agriculture (professional/amateur, traditional/innovative) and the optimisation of their complementarity enables progress towards a resilient food system that takes into account concerns relating to the balance and the quality of the supply. In this context, the City and Eurometropolis of Strasbourg in partnership with a range of organizations has implemented actions based on a goal of food democracy.
Lutter contre la précarité alimentaire : un objectif partagé entre acteurs publics et privés
Fort du soutien du Ministère de l’Europe et des affaires étrangères, France urbaine, en partenariat avec RESOLIS, a décidé de réaliser une étude intitulée « Les villes face aux défis de la précarité alimentaire ». Celle-ci rassemble 21 contributions de métropoles, grandes villes et agglomérations, qui permettent d’identifier, à travers des initiatives concrètes, de quelle manière elles agissent contre la précarité alimentaire.
 
La fiche « lutter contre la précarité alimentaire : un objectif partagé entre acteurs publics et privés » présente la politique sociale en...
With the support of the Ministry of Europe and Foreign Affairs, France Urbaine, in partnership with RESOLIS, decided to carry out a study entitled "Cities facing the challenges of food insecurity". This document gathers 21 contributions from metropolises, large cities and agglomerations, which make it possible to identify, through concrete initiatives, how they act against food insecurity.
 
The factsheet “The fight against food insecurity is an objective shared between the public and private sectors ” presents the social policy linked to the food strategy of the Nice Côte d´Azur Metropolis.
 
Social policy in the municipal region is implemented in particular through the Direction Générale Adjointe des Solidarités (“Deputy General Directorate for Solidarity"), which brings together the Nice Centre Communal d’Action Sociale (Municipal Social Action Centre) and other missions that provide services for the most vulnerable, and also mobilises other departments through transversal actions. The Municipal Social Action Centre (CCAS), the spearhead for this policy, has close links with the field and is in constant contact with community associations in order to undertake appropriate concrete responses to the needs of the fight against various forms of exclusion.
 
In Nice, the distribution of meals to vulnerable persons is carried out by 14 aid and relief associations, organized in a network (Inter Secours Nice Alimentation) and in association with the Alpes-Maritimes Food Bank. At the beginning of 2019, actions were revised with improvements and better support. Moreover, a food distribution charter including the City of Nice, the Municipal Social Action Centre and the associations involved in the Inter Secours Nice network was signed.
 Restauration collective : Orléans mise sur le local
Fort du soutien du Ministère de l’Europe et des affaires étrangères, France urbaine, en partenariat avec RESOLIS, a décidé de réaliser une étude intitulée « Les villes face aux défis de la précarité alimentaire ». Celle-ci rassemble 21 contributions de métropoles, grandes villes et agglomérations, qui permettent d’identifier, à travers des initiatives concrètes, de quelle manière elles agissent contre la précarité alimentaire.
 
La fiche « Restauration collective : Orléans mise sur le local » présente la stratégie de la Métropole d’Orléans pour une agriculture urbaine durable...
With the support of the Ministry of Europe and Foreign Affairs, France Urbaine, in partnership with RESOLIS, decided to carry out a study entitled "Cities facing the challenges of food insecurity". This document gathers 21 contributions from metropolises, large cities and agglomerations, which make it possible to identify, through concrete initiatives, how they act against food insecurity.
 
The factsheet “Collective catering: Orleans goes local” presents the strategy of Orleans Metropolis for a sustainable urban agriculture.
Located in the Loiret département in the Centre-Val-de-Loire region, Orléans Metropolis is made up of 22 municipalities. The river Loire, a UNESCO world heritage site, flows through Orléans and several municipalities in the metropolis, helping to forge the territory’s identity and structure its landscapes and agriculture.
 
In order to maintain, develop and ensure the long-term future of the territory’s farming industry, Orléans Metropolis, in partnership with the Loiret Chamber of Agriculture, drew up an Agricultural Charter, reflecting, with a series of objectives, the joint ambition of constructing a sustainable strategy for urban agriculture.
 
In order to improve the structure and diversification of local agricultural supply channels while at the same time securing outlets for producers, Orléans has relied on collective catering contracts. These enable partnership initiatives between farmers and the appointed management for collective catering operations to be encouraged, with the assistance of the Chamber of Agriculture.
 
This contract should, in the long term, help to encourage the supply of environmentally-friendly products and services, and development in phase with humanist sustainable development values, thereby assisting the emergence of cleaner, more sustainable production processes, in particular through the structuring and development of local agricultural supply channels.
Une alimentation locale et durable, avec tous et pour tous
Fort du soutien du Ministère de l’Europe et des affaires étrangères, France urbaine, en partenariat avec RESOLIS, a décidé de réaliser une étude intitulée « Les villes face aux défis de la précarité alimentaire ». Celle-ci rassemble 21 contributions de métropoles, grandes villes et agglomérations, qui permettent d’identifier, à travers des initiatives concrètes, de quelle manière elles agissent contre la précarité alimentaire.
 
La fiche « une alimentation locale et durable, avec tous et pour tous » présente le projet alimentaire territorial de Nantes Métropole pour...
With the support of the Ministry of Europe and Foreign Affairs, France Urbaine, in partnership with RESOLIS, decided to carry out a study entitled "Cities facing the challenges of food insecurity". This document gathers 21 contributions from metropolises, large cities and agglomerations, which make it possible to identify, through concrete initiatives, how they act against food insecurity.
 
The factsheet “a local, sustainable food supply, and most importantly with everyone and for everyone” presents the PAT (Plan Alimentaire Territorial aka “local food project”) of Nantes Metropolis for an inclusive and sustainable food.
 
Nantes Metropolis has been committed to a regional food project “for a local, sustainable food supply, accessible to all” since 2015. While the concept of sustainability applied to food naturally integrates a social component, the organizations mobilized in the project prioritized the development of an inclusive project, "for everyone and with everyone", with a strong social and cultural dimension. In other words, combining pleasure with health, gastronomy with accessibility, and festive occasions with responsibility.
 
As a result, the Nantes Metropolis PAT (Regional Food Project) is focused on its inhabitants, and after 6 months of collective production with all the organizations involved in the food system, 71 quantified objectives and policy goals were determined2 for 2020/30.
 
They concern the production system and the improvement of practices, the supply and low-carbon logistics, the fight against food waste, innovation and experimentation, education and the raising of awareness, living together harmoniously and outreach, and of course, accessibility and health. The efficiency, resilience and sustainability of the food system are at the heart of the project, without ever forgetting the stakeholders, who all play a role as “proactive responsible consumers”.
10 recommandations pour lutter contre la précarité alimentaire
Fort du soutien du Ministère de l’Europe et des affaires étrangères, France Urbaine, en partenariat avec RESOLIS, a décidé de réaliser une étude intitulée « Les villes face aux défis de la précarité alimentaire ».
 
Celle-ci rassemble 21 contributions de métropoles, grandes villes et agglomérations, qui permettent d’identifier, à travers des initiatives concrètes, de quelle manière elles agissent contre la précarité alimentaire.
 
S’appuyant sur l’analyse de cet échantillon de 21 grandes villes françaises, France Urbaine et Resolis ont identifié en...
With the support of the Ministry of Europe and Foreign Affairs, France Urbaine, in partnership with RESOLIS, decided to carry out a study entitled "Cities facing the challenges of food insecurity". This document gathers 21 contributions from metropolises, large cities and agglomerations, which make it possible to identify, through concrete initiatives, how they act against food insecurity.
 
Based on the analysis of this sample of 21 major French cities, France Urbaine and Resolis identified -  in the preamble of this study - 10 levers of action, which are all avenues for improvement for cities wishing to initiate or accelerate their steps towards the transition of food systems.
Permettre l’accès à tous à une alimentation saine et durable
Fort du soutien du Ministère de l’Europe et des affaires étrangères, France urbaine, en partenariat avec RESOLIS, a décidé de réaliser une étude intitulée « Les villes face aux défis de la précarité alimentaire ». Celle-ci rassemble 21 contributions de métropoles, grandes villes et agglomérations, qui permettent d’identifier, à travers des initiatives concrètes, de quelle manière elles agissent contre la précarité alimentaire.
 
La fiche « Miser sur la transversalité des approches, l’engagement et la complémentarité des acteurs pour permettre l’accès à tous à une...
With the support of the Ministry of Europe and Foreign Affairs, France Urbaine, in partnership with RESOLIS, decided to carry out a study entitled "Cities facing the challenges of food insecurity". This document gathers 21 contributions from metropolises, large cities and agglomerations, which make it possible to identify, through concrete initiatives, how they act against food insecurity.
 
The factsheet “Building on a transversal approach and the commitment and complementarity of those involved to enable access for all to a healthy, sustainable food supply” presents the food strategy of Toulouse Metropolis.
The Toulouse metropolis is a very attractive region, in the heart of a highly agricultural area (164,000 jobs, France’s largest region for organic production, 20% of farms selling via short supply chains). Consequently, the Metropolis’ 760,000 inhabitants should have easy access to good quality local produce.
 
In the framework of its Projet Agricole et Alimentaire Métropolitain (Agricultural and Metropolitan Food Project), Toulouse Metropolis proposes to coordinate and strengthen actions to develop organic agricultural production, a sustain-able food supply in canteens and the structuring of local supply channels to enable access for all to a healthy, sustainable food supply.
 
In this way, awareness-raising actions and convenient access to a local, sustainable food supply, are accompanied by initiatives to combat food insecurity, such as the deployment of shared gardens, the linking of the producer’s MIN (whole-sale market of national interest) and food aid associations, and the organization of the Familles à alimentation positive (Positive Food Family) challenge in partnership with the social centres, involving families in social priority districts.
Un réseau de distribution alimentaire coordonné
Fort du soutien du Ministère de l’Europe et des affaires étrangères, France urbaine, en partenariat avec RESOLIS, a décidé de réaliser une étude intitulée « Les villes face aux défis de la précarité alimentaire ». Celle-ci rassemble 21 contributions de métropoles, grandes villes et agglomérations, qui permettent d’identifier, à travers des initiatives concrètes, de quelle manière elles agissent contre la précarité alimentaire.
 
La fiche « Un réseau de distribution alimentaire coordonné » présente la stratégie d’alimentation solidaire de la Ville de Reims....
With the support of the Ministry of Europe and Foreign Affairs, France Urbaine, in partnership with RESOLIS, decided to carry out a study entitled "Cities facing the challenges of food insecurity". This document gathers 21 contributions from metropolises, large cities and agglomerations, which make it possible to identify, through concrete initiatives, how they act against food insecurity.
 
The factsheet “a coordinated food distribution network” presents the solidarity food strategy of the City of Reims.
Prior to 2011, 3,000 people were receiving food aid from a multitude of charity organizations in the Reims territory. Given this situation and in order to provide appropriate assistance to households, which went beyond food aid, it proved necessary to create a project to bring together local organizations and to refer vulnerable and disadvantaged families to social workers.
 
In this regard, the community grocery store has been a useful tool for encouraging a joint approach.
The assisted populations are either exposed to the risk of social exclusion due to the insecurity of their situation in relation to employment, income, housing or health, or are already being neglected or marginalized. It is therefore essential, beyond the provision of ad hoc aid, to encourage the restoration of social cohesion around a project, using a structuring tool which favours educational aspects and support.
 
At the same time and in general, the distribution of aid in the form of packages implies a total absence of choice of products received, and a certain loss of dignity for the people concerned. Conversely, the community grocery allows a choice from the products available with a modest financial participation.
Un engagement collectif du territoire en faveur d’une alimentation durable et solidaire
Fort du soutien du Ministère de l’Europe et des affaires étrangères, France urbaine, en partenariat avec RESOLIS, a décidé de réaliser une étude intitulée « Les villes face aux défis de la précarité alimentaire ». Celle-ci rassemble 21 contributions de métropoles, grandes villes et agglomérations, qui permettent d’identifier, à travers des initiatives concrètes, de quelle manière elles agissent contre la précarité alimentaire.
 
La fiche « un engagement collectif du territoire en faveur d’une alimentation durable et solidaire » présente le projet Alimentaire...
With the support of the Ministry of Europe and Foreign Affairs, France urbaine, in partnership with RESOLIS, decided to carry out a study entitled "Cities facing the challenges of food insecurity". This document gathers 21 contributions from metropolises, large cities and agglomerations, which make it possible to identify, through concrete initiatives, how they act against food insecurity.
 
The factsheet “A collective regional commitment to a sustainable, inclusive food supply” PAT (Plan Alimentaire Territorial aka “local food project”) of the metropolis of Metz.
Committed since 2010 to the development of peri-urban agriculture, the Metz metropolis continues to carry out an ambitious, responsible, agricultural and food transition, centred on the needs and well-being of each inhabitant, and respect for the region’s ecological resources.
 
Alongside its Town Centre District and its Centre Communal d’Action Sociale (Municipal Social Action Centre), the Metz Metropolis fully embraces diet and the food supply, a crucial issue in the 21st century. Most of all, it focuses on environ-mental and climate issues, concern for the most vulnerable and the aspiration to promote sustainable economic growth, respectful of resources and biodiversity, beneficial to all stakeholders, without exception.
 
The metropolitan strategy regarding an inclusive food supply is designed around four clear objectives:
 
  • growth in the region’s capacity to produce and process food,
  • the structuring of the supply network for the consumer region,
  • the promotion of "field to plate” practices with the least possible impact on natural resources,
  • a guarantee that everyone has access to a beneficial, reasonably priced diet.